Difference between window.location.href=window.location.href and window.location.reload() and window.location=window.location.href


Posted by Yuankun Li on 2021-03-18

Compare table 对比表格

Re-POST:reloads the current page with POST data. 发送POST请求加载当前页面。

Refresh page Re-POST Static scan tool warning: Veracode SonarQube JSLint
window.location = window.location.href No Yes “CWE ID 601 URL Redirection to Untrusted Site (‘Open Redirect’)” No No
window.location.href = window.location.href No Yes Yes Yes “Weird assignment”
window.location.reload() Maybe, depends on browsers 也许,不同浏览器有不同行为 Test Code No No No

window.location.reload() reloads the current page with POST data, while window.location.href=window.location.href discarding the POST data(perform a GET request) 通过GET请求reload页面.



window.location = window.location.href works the same as window.location.href = window.location.href in all these browsers.
window.location = window.location.hrefwindow.location.href = window.location.href 的行为在各个浏览器上完全一致。

window.location.href=window.location.href will not reload the page if there’s an anchor (#) in the URL - You must use window.location.reload() in this case.
如果页面URL中包含锚#, window.location.href=window.location.href 不会reload页面。


if (!window.location.hash) {
window.location.href = window.location.href;
} else {


JavaScript window.location object can be used

  • to get current page address (URL)
  • to redirect the browser to another page
  • to reload the same page

window: in JavaScript represents an open window in a browser.

location: in JavaScript holds information about current URL.

The location object is like a fragment of the window object and is called up through the window.location property.

location object has three methods:

assign(): used to load a new document
reload(): used to reload current document 与点击”Refesh“ 按钮效果相同。
replace(): used to replace current document with a new one


  • Chrome 12 and Safari 5.0.5 on Mac do not re-POST with .reload()
  • FF 2.0, 3.6, 4.0, 5.0 on Mac present the user with the “resend form dialog” with .reload(), .reload(true), and .reload(false)
  • IE6, IE8(standards), IE8(IE7 mode,standards) in XP; and IE9 and IE10-tech-preview in Win7 behave the same as FF on Mac
  • Test Code


window.location.reload() takes an additional argument skipCache.


  • Using window.location.reload(true) the browser will skip the cache and reload the page from the server. skipCachetrue, 浏览器忽略cache, 从服务器重新加载页面。
  • window.location.reload(false) will do the opposite, and load the page from cache if possible. skipCachefalse, 浏览器优先从cache重新加载页面,若没有cache则从服务器加载页面。
  • default value for window.location.reload() is false. skipCache 默认值为(false)。

window.location.assign(wd.location.href) : go to the URL

window.location.replace(wd.location.href) : go to the URL and replace previous page in history

From w3schools: “The difference between assign() and replace(), is that replace() removes the URL of the current document from the document history, meaning that it is not possible to use the “back” button to navigate back to the original document.”

The difference from the assign() method is that after using replace() the current page will not be saved in session History, meaning the user won’t be able to use the back button to navigate to it.

Summary 总结

  • 如果不想要发送POST data,使用window.location = window.location.href。注意!如果页面URL中包含锚#, window.location.href=window.location.href 不会reload页面,需要额外判断。
  • 如果不介意使用POST请求,使用window.location.reload(), 这种用法在各个代码扫描工具中都不会有warning。

Reference Links

show git comment